[tex-k] ls -R

Olaf Weber olaf at infovore.xs4all.nl
Fri Oct 24 11:07:48 CEST 2003

Reinhard Kotucha writes:

> Hi,
> under the assumption that UNIX claims that the output of one program
> can be processed by an other, there is probably a bug in UNIX's ls
> command which has some impact on web2c based TeX systems.

> If you want to have some fun, just type:

> touch `kpsewhich -expand-var=\\$TEXMFMAIN`/fonts/tfm/public/cm/a:
> texhash

> ...and your TeX system is broken.


> ls -R appends a colon to each directory.  Unfortunately, a colon is a
> valid character in filenames.  The only character which is disallowed
> in filenames is a slash.  So the slash is the only character which can
> mark a directory reliably as a directory.

Unfortunately there are version of ls which will not prepend the './',
which confuses kpathsea -- hence the munging of the ls output in

> The problem is quite nasty because the user who accidentally installs
> a file which ends with a colon doesn't get any error message at all.
> It is extremely hard to locate the bug.  

Assuming we can rely on 'ls' inserting an empty line before each
directory (e.g, filenames with newlines in them _will_ break things)
and that we can rely on 'sed' not being completely hopeless, the
following should fix this.  I would really like to know if for some
reason this cannot be used.

$ cvs diff -u mktexlsr
Index: mktexlsr
RCS file: /usr/local/cvsroot/texk/texk/kpathsea/mktexlsr,v
retrieving revision 1.32
diff -u -r1.32 mktexlsr
--- mktexlsr    22 Oct 2002 18:34:07 -0000      1.32
+++ mktexlsr    24 Oct 2003 08:05:51 -0000
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@
   # names results in nothing but grief.
   echo "./:" >>"$db_file_tmp"
   (cd "$TEXMFLS_R" && \ls -LRa 2>/dev/null) |
-    sed 's%^[^.].*:$%./&%; /^\.$/d; /^\.\.$/d; /^lsR[0-9]*\.tmp$/d' >>"$db_file_tmp"
+    sed '/^$/{n;s%^\./%%;s%^%./%}; /^\.$/d; /^\.\.$/d; /^lsR[0-9]*\.tmp$/d' >>"$db_file_tmp"

   # To be really safe, a loop.
   until PERMS=`kpsestat = "$db_file"`; do sleep 1; done

Olaf Weber

               (This space left blank for technical reasons.)

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